The National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST) provides technical guidance for numerous technologies and industries. The unit is in the US Department of Commerce and began in 1901 as the bureau of standards and measures, renamed to NIST in 1988. For data security and privacy, NIST released the Cybersecurity Framework in 2014 and launched the NIST Privacy Framework in January of 2020.
The NIST Privacy Framework provides guidance for organizations to better identify, assess, manage, and communicate about privacy risks. Organizations can leverage the Privacy Framework to help assess their privacy readiness and to conduct Data Protection Impact Assessments as required by GDPR.
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